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Counting the really important stuff!

The purpose of OxygenCredits is to promote processes that increase or at least maintain the level of oxygen in the atmosphere and do so by reducing the atmospheric CO2.
"OxygenCredits" are calculated by the same rules as carbon credits, but they have an extra blue badge because they transform CO2 into fresh Oxygen.

OxyMinuteTest: Holding your breath a whole minute while thinking about Oxygen.

Health Warning: Some may not be able to last a whole minute but are likely already most aware of the importance of Oxygen.

Higher oxygen has more benefits, and fewer drawbacks than lower oxygen.

History of OXYGEN

More details...


There are two phases of terraforming:

- at first, a primitive civilization alters its environment
  without being aware of the consequences

- eventually, a more sophisticated approach is developed,
  which builds towards a desired outcome

Level 1 = Accidental Terraforming

- agriculture was the earliest significant terraforming
  - ecosystem:  clearing forests to grow fields (slash and burn)
  - waterworks: irrigation, dams, watermills

- steam age was the beginning of massive terraforming
  - combustion:   fossil coal, oil, gas
  - megaprojects: open pit mining, draining swamps, etc
Level 2 = Intentional Terraforming

- fixing the planet
  - urban plant life
  - natural methane capture and usage
  - biogassing, biocharring
  - fusion
- intelligent use of energy and resources

(CH4) Methane Index

For any given area (such as a city), the sum of methane emissions
 from natural or artificial processes, is the Methane Index.

* Methane is 20 times worse than CO2

Sources of Methane
Ancient coal, peat moss, permafrost, etc
Nature fields, parks, forests, lagoon
Digestion cattle, people
Agriculture mulching and composting

- get energy by breaking long carbon chains into smaller pieces
- they can do this without oxygen, producing methane
- coal is one of the last steps of composting
    Proof is the methane canary.

- consume carbon using oxygen (higher energy)
- produces CO2, oxidizes equivalent of methane "burnt"

* in both cases the energy is lost to human activity
** then we spend to produce energy using oil, coal, ...

- methane can be recovered to produce energy, saving $ and ecology

Compostpart anaerobic, part aerobicmethane
Mulchingmostly aerobicCO2
Gassingfull anaerobicCO2 + energy

CO2 = Secret Agent "energy carrier"

Batteries floweth back to the Factory

CO2 is a used battery, which plants recharge.

What you want to do is pay it forward

In bio-capitalism, you generate your oxygen up front.

Oxygen will burn with iron or aluminum, hydrogen,
fossil or bio carbon, so the energy is really in the oxygen?

Oxygen Makers and Takers

  Oxygen Makers Oxygen Takers
Natural - algae, grasses, trees - animals, aerobic bacteria
- methane (rotting stuff, permafrost)
- rusting metals (oxidizing)
- forest fires
Artificial - algae, grasses, trees
- biogas, biochar
- thermal power plants (coal, oil)
- refineries
- heating buildings
- vehicles, motors, machinery
- CO2 sequestration

Biogas is a biofuel produced by the breakdown of biomass by bacteria
in the absence of oxygen.

To biogas is to capture the emissions (CH4) from a composting
solution deprived of oxygen, thus favoring the anaerobic bacteria.


Biochar allows quickly recovering and transforming biomass into gas, oil and charcoal for a great number of uses, replacing classic fossil fuels.

Types of Pyrolysis
The two main methods of pyrolysis are "fast" pyrolysis and "slow" pyrolysis.
Fast pyrolysis yields 60% bio-oil, 20% biochar, and 20% syngas, and can be done in seconds. Slow pyrolysis can be optimized to produce substantially more biochar (~50%), but takes on the order of hours to complete.
For typical inputs, the energy required to run a "fast" pyrolyzer is approximately 15% of the energy that it outputs.

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